Perbedaan Kelinci dan Hare


Perbedaan antara Kelinci dan Hares, terlihat pada saat mereka dilahirkan. Anak kelinci disebut kitten, sementara anak hares di sebut leverets. Kelinci dilahirkan dalam keadaan tidak berdaya, tanpa bulu dan buta. Sedangkan hares dilahirkan dalam kondisi berbulu, dapat melihat dan dapat bergerak. Sebenarnya hares bisa hidup mandiri setelah sejam dilahirkan! Oleh karena itu seekor induk hares dengan bebas meninggalkan anak-anaknya di tanah lapang dan pergi sesaat setelah melahirkan. Induk kelinci lebih berhati-hati dan protektif terhadap anak-anaknya: Mereka membatasi sarangnya dengan rumput, dan tumbuhan lembut lainnya. Diatasnya, mereka meletakan bulu-bulu mereka. Ketika induk kelinci meninggalkan sarang, induk tersebut melindungi anak-anaknya dengan menutup mereka memakai bulu-bulu sehingga mereka merasa hangat dan terlindungi dari pemangsa

Bayi kelinci
Bayi kelinci
Anak Hare
Anak Hare

Hares biasanya lebih besar dan punya kaki belakang dan kuping yang lebih panjang dengan tanda hitam di kupingnya. Tengkorak kelinci dan hares juga berbeda. Warna bulu kelinci tidak berubah, sedangkan hares berubah dari coklat keabu-abuan di saat musim panas dan putih di saat musim dingin.

Makanan kelinci dan hares juga berbeda, Jika kelinci memilih makan, pohon-pohon kecil dan lunak, rumput dan sayuran, sedangkan hares lebih memilih makanan-makanan keras, seperti kulit buah-buahan, dan ujung ranting.

Kelinci hidup di bawah tanah untuk berlindung di siang hari. sedangkan hares hidup di atas tanah berlindung disemak-semak dan bersiap lari dari serangan predator

Kelinci adalah binatang sosial. Mereka hidup berkelompok. Kelinci jantan yang memenangi perkelahian di dalam grupnya akan dominan. Sedangkan hares hidup menyendiri. Mereka hanya bertemu untuk berkembang biak dan kemudian hidup menyendiri kembali

The difference between rabbits and hares appears at the moment they are born. First of all baby-rabbits are called kittens, while baby-hares are called leverets. Rabbits are born completely helpless, naked and blind. Hares are born fully furred, able to see and capable of independent movement. In fact hares can live on their own after one hour from they birth! Therefore their mothers feel free to leave them on the bare ground and hop away soon after the baby is born. Rabbit’s mothers are much more careful and protective to their children: their line a nest with grass, bark and soft stems. Over this, they place a layer of hair plucked from their own bodies. When rabbit-mother leaves the nest, she covers the bunnies with more hair and dead plants to keep them warm and hidden from enemies.

Hares are generally larger, and have longer hind legs then rabbits and longer ears with characteristic black markings. The skulls of rabbits and hares are also different. Rabbit’s fur coat remains its color year-round, while hares change color from grayish brown in summer to white in winter.

Rabbits and hares have different diets. If rabbits prefer soft stems, grass or vegetables, hares eat more hard food: bark and rind, buds, small twigs and shoot.

Rabbits usually live in burrows or tunnels in the ground, where they prefer to stay during daylight hours. They try to keep hidden. Hares on the other hand, always stay on the surface among plants and usually try to escape enemies by running.

Rabbits are very social animals; they live in colonies. Male rabbits even fight within a group to become the dominant male. The dominant male rabbit then mates with most of the females in the area. In opposite, hares live most of the time by themselves. They come together in pairs for mating only. There is almost no fighting among hares – they just pair off.

References

  1. Dave G. Ducker, John P. Morris, Craig G. Stuve. Mammals of Ontario.
  2. John Bourne. Control of Rabbits and Hares in Agriculture, Food and Rural Development.
  3. Samantha Hunter. Hop to it: a guide to training your pet rabbit. Barron’s Educational Series, 1991.
  4. Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, Specific Types of Rabbits & Hares.
  5. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ukaliq. Naming and Classifying
  6. June Wingert. What is the difference between a rabbit and a hare?.
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